Be very careful about exposing
children to different foods and water. Don't feed children any food that is uncooked.
Also, avoid fruits and vegetables in developing countries, unless you peel them
yourself. Children are at greater risk for traveler's diarrhea and other
gastrointestinal infections. Take extra care when mixing infant formula with water. Use
purified water to drink, make ice cubes, brush teeth, and mix infant formula and foods.
You can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer as a disinfecting agent. Take special care
when cleaning pacifiers, teething rings, and toys that fall to the floor or are handled
Keeping children away from insects
and animals to prevent the spread of disease. Some travelers question the safety of
repellents in children. Reports of toxicity from DEET, the repellent in use since the
1950s have been rare and were linked to improper application. The American Academy of
Pediatrics and the CDC approve and support the use of DEET (10% to 30%) in children
older than 2 months.
The CDC advises these tips to help
protect your children against mosquito bites:
Use clothing that covers your child's arms and legs
Use mosquito netting to cover cribs, strollers, and baby carriers
Don't use insect repellent on
infants less than 2 months of age
In children older than 2
months, don't apply repellent onto a child's mouth, eyes, hands, or to broken or
On children younger than 3
years old, don't use products that contain oil of lemon eucalyptus or
If using an insect spray, spray a small amount on your hands first and then apply it to your child's face. Be sure to avoid your child's eyes and mouth.
Never spray the repellent directly on your child's face.
If your child has symptoms of fever, rash, joint pain, or red eyes, contact your healthcare provider and describe where you have traveled. In a baby less than 2 months of age, a fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher always requires a medical evaluation. Call your provider or get medical care right away if your infant is less than 2 months old and has a fever.