Your healthcare provider may prescribe different types of medicine for you to use after a heart attack. Here’s how commonly prescribed medicines can help:
Aspirin and other
antiplatelet medicines such as clopidogrel or prasugrel prevent blood clots from
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors lower blood pressure. Lowering
blood pressure decreases the force against which the heart has to work.
Beta-blockers also control irregular heartbeats, promote stronger pumping of the
heart, and relieve chest pain.
Statins lower blood
cholesterol, helping prevent clogged arteries.
- Nitroglycerin or nitrates help ease chest pain. These medicines
dilate the arteries to get better blood flow to the heart muscle. This prevents more
injury or damage to the muscle.
Some people decide on their own to stop taking one or more of their medicines a few weeks or months after they get out of the hospital. This is a dangerous mistake and can increase the risk of further damage to the heart or even death. Continuing to take medicines, however, can help you feel better and live longer. Talk with your healthcare provider if you are confused about your medicines, are concerned about cost, or have unpleasant side effects from any medicine. Together, you can work to find a regimen that works for you.