stands for angiotensin-converting enzyme. ACE inhibitors reduce the production of the
enzyme angiotensin. This enzyme makes blood vessels constrict. ACE inhibitors allow
blood vessels to expand. This is so that blood can flow more easily and the heart can
work more efficiently. Examples of ACE inhibitors are:
are angiotensin II receptor blockers. ARBs block the effects of angiotensin. They
prevent it from affecting the heart and blood vessels. You may need this medicine if you
can't tolerate ACE inhibitors. Examples of ARBs are:
Pregnant women should not take ACE inhibitors or ARBs. These medicines can cause a risk
of birth defects. If you have high blood pressure and plan to become pregnant or are
pregnant, contact your healthcare provider right away.
You should have regular blood tests to make sure these medicines
don't affect your kidney function or electrolyte levels. Talk with your healthcare team
about how often you should have these blood tests.